In writing this report a number of intertwining issues all related ultimately to women’s time utilization have had to be considered including gender, Southeast Asia as a cultural
area, the anthropology of time, economic anthropology, political economy and poverty.
Lao-Swedish Upland Agriculture and Forestry Research Program (LSUAFRP) was launched in the Namo District, Udomxay Province, Lao P.D.R. in 2002, which is continued until to date. This study was focused on the assessment
In Southeast Asia, Laos is a landlocked country with the lowest density of population and the highest forest cover. It is also one of the poorest countries in the world. 80% of its population live in rural areas of which a majority depends on subsistent agriculture. This socialist country (Lao People’s Democratic republic) has a cultural diversity illustrated by the official 49 ethnic groups.“Community forestry” was introduced
more than 10 years ago in Lao People’s Democratic Republic.
Author: CRAF-SEANAFEProducing Organization: CRAF-SEANAFEUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case Study DocumentSize: 1.08 MBPublished Date:Tags: bamboo, marketing, project, agroforestry, products
This paper is the output of a case study on constraints in marketing of bamboo. The findings and analysis based on fieldwork completed in Vientiane municipality and xiengkhuang Provinces. It is as part of the
Author: National Land Management Authority With Village Focus InternationalProducing Organization: National Land Management Authority With Village Focus InternationalUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: BrochureSize: 241.39 kBPublished Date:Tags: land, concession, change, pajudone, community
In the past couple of years, problems associated with land and natural resources have been increasing rapidly, especially those problems relating to land and forest use including forest destruction and inappropriate land use practices. This brings about social and environmental impacts within communities, for instance reduced availability of agricultural land, unfair wages for local people, conflicts between local people and companies. It has been observed that the greater the foreign investment in relation to agriculture and forest sectors, the heavier the problems experienced.
Author: David FullbrookProducing Organization: the Laos Extension for Agriculture Project (LEAP)Use Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case Study DocumentSize: 3.46 MBPublished Date:Tags: farmers, contract, traders, crops, price, land
During the past five years there has been a rapid rise in contract farming in Lao PDR. This report takes a look at what is actually happening in different parts of the country, and poses questions about what can be done to improve the benefits of this type of farming.
Author: Jensen.A and Meilby.HProducing Organization: University of Copenhagen, Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape & PlanningUse Rights: CopyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case study documentSize: 140.34 kBPublished Date:Tags: agarwood, aquilaria crassna, gaharu, non-timber forest product
Aquilaria crassna, a tree species on CITES Appendix II and categorized as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List, is the main source of the highly valuable, fragrant and resinous agarwood that is extracted in forests in Southeast Asia, exported to EastAsian andArab countries, and used
This “Case Work Guideline for Training in Integrated Spatial Planning for Sustainable Development” has been prepared as part of the comprehensive capacity development project titled Strengthening Environmental Management Phase II, SEM II, undertaken by the Water Resources and Environment Administration, Lao PDR and funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida.
This study is the first attempt to provide background information on the bamboo sector in Laos in general, and in Houaphan and Xiengkhouang Province in particular. Furthermore we try to analyse the socio-demographic profile of the host communities in the study area as well as analyze different income sector including bamboo sector of farm household in the study area.
The agriculture sector in Lao PDR is under going rapid transformation from subsistence to commercialization. This is in line with the 6th Five Year Plan of the Government of Lao PDR which emphasizes the commercialization of agriculture. In order to assist with this, planners at various levels will need better tools to recognize research and development issues and opportunities within different agro-ecosystems.
Author: Pauline GerrardProducing Organization: STEO Vientiane MunicipalityUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case Study DocumentSize: 862.7 kBPublished Date:Tags: marsh, households, wetland, villages, services, areas
Despite well established assessment methods for valuing freshwater wetland goods and services, relatively little work has been carried out on developing and applying economic assessment techniques to identify concrete measures for the sustainable management of urban wetland systems.
Author: Fujita.Y and Phanvilay.KProducing Organization: Society and Natural ResourcesUse Rights: CopyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Article documentSize: 290.54 kBPublished Date:Tags: customary resource use practice, decentralized forest management, land and forest allocation, resource tenure
This article reviews a landmark policy on resource management in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR). The Land and Forest Allocation Policy was introduced in the early 1990s as a means of legitimately recognizing the customary rights of local communities to use and manage land and forest resources. We examine the policy from the viewpoint of decentralized resource management and, through three case studies conducted by the National University of Laos, how it works in practice. The studies were conducted in Vientiane, central Lao PDR, and indicate gaps
between the expected goals of land reform and actual practice. The study also shows the varying impacts of the allocation policy on local resource use and household livelihoods in different villages.
Author: Lehmann.C etc allProducing Organization: Bureau for Development Policy, United Nations Development Programme and the Government of BrazilUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case study documentSize: 160.89 kBPublished Date:Tags: low-cost, technologies, towards, achieving, development, case
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) remains a daunting challenge for many countries in the face of small state budgets and limited donor support. This Policy Research Brief highlights the contribution of a low-cost water supply strategy to a number of MDGs. It also discusses innovative financing schemes to scale up the implementation of such strategies.
Author: Southeast Asia Integrated Policy PackageProducing Organization: Southeast Asia Integrated Policy PackageUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case Study DocumentSize: 2.6 MBPublished Date:Tags: preliminary, case, studies, integrated, approach, development, conservation
Some of the world’s last remaining intact ecosystems exist in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (Cambodia, People’s Republic of China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam) due largely in part to the slower pace of development in these countries. That trend is shifting; large infrastructure and land use projects are threatening local communities and biodiversity. Now is the time to influence these trends in a way that promotes sustainable, environmentally responsible economic development. The blue moon
Author: Dr Millar.J and Photakoun.VProducing Organization: Australian Centre for International Agricultural ResearchUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Soft copy onlyLanguage: English
Type: Case study documentSize: 675.53 kBPublished Date:Tags: scaling, impacts, study, methods, introducing, forage, technologies, villages
This report details the results of a study undertaken in 2004 to research the effectiveness of three participatory extension methods for scaling out forage and livestock technologies to new villages. Action research methodology was used to maximise involvement of Lao government staff and build their capacity to facilitate the scaling out process
Author: Schumann.G etc allProducing Organization: Lao-German Land Policy Development Project Use Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Hard Copy at LINK Resource CentreLanguage: English
Type: Research DocumentSize: 653.99 kBPublished Date:Tags: state, land, leases, concessions
In recent years, Lao PDR has experienced an increased demand for its main national resource, the country’s land. Vast areas of agricultural and forest land, rich in natural resources, give Lao PDR a special position compared to its neighbours. Investment in hydropower projects, mainly because of Nam Theun II, rose from US$ 5.5 million in 2004
to US$ 1,065 million in 2005, while mining, agriculture, and forestry investments peaked in 2004 accounting for US$ 312 million, decreasing to US$ 76 million in 2005.
Author: Mr. Rabé.P etc allProducing Organization: Lao-German Land Policy Development ProjectUse Rights: No copyrightAvailability: Hard Copy at LINK Resource CentreLanguage: English
Type: Research DocumentSize: 1.3 MBPublished Date:Tags: urban, land, management, planning
Urbanization in Lao PDR is increasing, albeit from a traditionally low base. Towns and cities are becoming the engines of future growth, as in other countries in the region. As these trends continue, urban planning and land management policies will become ever more important mechanisms to guide development and help protect communities, the
environment and cultural resources.